PECO Profile: Moldova

November 10th, 2015 § 0 comments

Moldova has a population of 3 555 000 and 1807 lawyers (in 2015). The Bar Association was set up in 1946 and joined the CCBE in 2008. It has twinning agreements with the National Association of Romanian Bars since 2012 and with the State Bar of New Mexico since 2014.

President of Moldovan Bar Nina Lozan

President of the Moldovan Bar, Nina Lozan

Key information about the profession:

  • Initial training of lawyers: law degree (4 years); traineeship (18 months); there is an exam as a precondition for beginning the traineeship, and after the traineeship, the candidates are required to pass the final bar exam.
  • Continuous training: advocates must undergo 40 hours of training per year. Training is provided by private bodies and donor organisations. All lawyers are subject to yearly control, and non-fulfilment of the training can lead to disciplinary sanctions.
  • Specialisation: advocates are free to practice in any legal field. The Law on the Legal Profession recognizes the right of advocates to specialize and to practice law according to the specialization of their choice. However, there is no particular specialisation system.
  • Discipline: the Committee on Ethics and Discipline of the Bar is in charge of disciplinary proceedings.
  • Legal Aid: it is financed through the state budget and donors contributions. Both criminal and civil law cases are covered by legal aid system. There is a special body created according to the law (National Legal Aid Council). The Bar delegates 2 members to sit at the board.

Current concerns of the Bar and main challenges in the coming years:

  • Current concerns: the Bar is worried about certain legal initiatives oriented to allow non-advocates to provide legal assistance in court proceedings. The CCBE shared the Bar’s concern (see CCBE letter of April 2015).
  • Main challenges: Improving the quality for professional qualification of advocates; Strengthening the community of advocates; Creating better conditions for advocate’s activity; Improving the management efficiency/transparency of the Bar’s governing bodies; Bettering compliance by advocates with ethics rules.

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